globalization GLT1: task 1 Essay

The Effects of Globalization on India as well as Nigeria

European Governors University

In the text Anthropology: Your Challenge, 12th Edition, globalization is defined as " Worldwide interconnectedness, evidenced in global moves of all-natural resources, transact goods, man labor, fund capital, info, and contagious diseases. ” (Haviland, 2008, p. 657) and modernization is mentioned to be " The process of political and socioeconomic change, where developing communities acquire some from the cultural features of American industrial societies. ”(Haviland, 2008, p. 657) Both of these techniques can easily be viewed at work in nearly all the cultures and corners of the world in some manner. Some of their effects are small , and inconsequential, while some can convert the very being and essence of a persons and its traditions, essentially which makes it unrecognizable. These kinds of changes and alterations can occur anywhere in the world, currently, for the purposes with this paper, primary will be within the non-western universe. To be specific, the aim will be to take a look at the impact of globalization and modernization upon India. All of us will also check out Nigeria and what conditions were in each region before and after the events that have triggered globalization to occur.

Both the people of Nigeria and India have been heavily influenced by powerful causes of globalization and modernization, which perform like a tidal wave in the present-day globe. Traditional Nigerian culture positioned great emphasis on kinship, community, oral materials, respect for elders, traditions, indigenous faith, authority with the husband, established marriages, and hard work. The importance of being nice to the additional individuals in the community, as well as their particular kin-group, wasn't able to be extremely stressed (Falola, 2001, pg. 26. ). Farming was the most common occupation, and the vegetation that were grown were food crops, which will yields largely stayed in the country in order to give food to it residents (Falola, 2001, pg. 25. ). This stuff are the foundation Nigerian traditions, and although many of these items still carry significance in Nigeria, many because of the serious effects of olive oil export, surely have been westernized and converted to some extent. Nigeria has seen great influences from globalization since the 1st export of oil to London in 1958; it had been also right about this same time that Nigeria started to be independent from your British. Nigeria is an African region whose people equals right around one-hundred and fifty mil. Since the begin of their essential oil exportation, petrol has made up about eighty to ninety-five percent in the whole with their foreign exports; not to mention the simple fact that it also totals about eighty to eighty-five percent of government income, which is the 9th leading vendre of all. Oil has made the Nigerians six-hundred billion dollars, with 83 billion dollars being attained in just one full year. One would imagine all of the cash generated from oil might have dramatically better the country, but this does not appear to be the case; half of the revenue made out of oil features vanished because of theft and corruption (Watts, 2009). Just a small amount of points has been made in decreasing Nigeria's rates of impoverishment, lack of employment, and inequalities, especially when measured against different countries in the area (Nnadi, 2008, s. 1). A whole lot money have been made by this nation since the initially export of oil, but the people of this country live just one single dollars per day (Watts, 2009); they will continue to be required to deal with disease, malnourishment, against the law drug division, sex trades, as well as low income wars. You will find vast inequalities between rich and underprivileged, and these types of oil income have only seemed to add problem (Nnadi, 2008, l. 1). The life span expectancy intended for Nigerians considering that the seventies, has gone down rather than up, and is now only forty-five years of age (Watts, 2009). When I noticed this...

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Falola, To. (2001).  Culture and Customs of Nigeria. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Haviland, Watts. (2011).  Anthropology: The Human Challenge�[VitalSouce bookshelf version].